Triangle Corrections in Elliott Wave Analysis #ABCDE Patterns

triangle corrections in elliott wave

What are Triangle Corrections in Elliott Wave analysis?

In Elliott Wave analysis, Triangle Corrections refer to a special corrective wave pattern characterized by converging trendlines forming a triangle shape. These triangles usually unfold in five waves identified as A, B, C, D, and E, each wave subdivided into three smaller sub-waves. Triangles are corrective structures that appear within bigger Elliott Wave patterns, such as zigzags or flats. Elliott wave analysis identifies two types of triangles: converging and expanding. Converging triangles have contracting trendlines, indicating price fluctuations within a narrowing range, while expanding triangles have diverging trendlines, indicating price movements expand within a wider range.

Triangle Patterns in Trends

• Typically found in the middle and ending stages.
• Identified in wave 4 (motive wave) and wave B/X (corrective phase).


Characteristics of a Triangle

• Comprises five internal waves.
• Each sub wave consists of three.

triangle corrections in elliott wave
Triangle Correction

ABCDE Structure

The ABCDE pattern is a subtype of Triangle Corrections, consisting of five waves within a triangular formation, each playing a unique role in forming the corrective structure.

  • Wave A is the initial move within a correction, often retracing the preceding trend.
  • Wave B is a counter-trend move that follows Wave A, reverting to previous trend territory.
  • Wave C is the longest and most powerful move in the opposite direction of the main trend.
  • Wave D is a shorter corrective wave that retraces part of Wave C.
  • Wave E is the final wave, indicating an imminent breakout or breakdown.

Profitable Strategies of Elliott Wave Trading

Converging and Expanding Triangles

Triangles can converge with contracting trendlines or expand with diverging trendlines. Converging triangles signal lower volatility, whereas expanding triangles indicate increasing market indecision.

1. Converging Triangles

  • Converging triangles are characterized by contracting trendlines, meaning that the highs and lows of price movements gradually come closer together, forming a triangle pattern.
  • These triangles indicate that the market will consolidate and have less volatility. As price swings narrow, it suggests that buyers and sellers are approaching a point of equilibrium, which could lead to a breakout.
  • The triangle’s converging character signals a decrease in market indecision and a potential resolution in the form of a breakout, in which the price will move strongly in one direction. Traders frequently expect a large price change after the consolidation phase.
triangle corrections in elliott wave
Converging and Expanding Triangles

2. Expanding Triangles

  • Diverging trendlines distinguish expanding triangles from regular triangles. This indicates that the highs and lows of price fluctuations are steadily drifting away, producing a triangle with growing borders.
  • Expanding triangles are related with increased market indecision and volatility. The widening price swings imply increased uncertainty among market participants, and this pattern frequently indicates a lack of agreement on the asset‘s future direction.
  • Traders see growing triangles as a sign of impending market upheaval or hesitation. The increased volatility indicates that neither buyers nor sellers can establish control, resulting in greater and more unpredictable price changes.

Mid and End Trend Formation

Triangles typically appear in the middle or towards the end of a trend. Being there frequently indicates an anticipated reversal or continuance of the current market direction.

1. Mid-Trend Formation

  • Triangles in a trend often indicate a temporary market pause, as they form a pattern that represents this consolidation.
  • In this scenario, the market is taking a break, with narrowing price fluctuations within the triangle indicating a balance of buying and selling pressures. Traders see this as a moment of indecision and potential energy gathering for the next big move.
  • The breakout from a triangle established in the middle of a trend can indicate that the current trend will resume. If the breakout occurs in the same direction as the prior trend, it could imply that the pattern will continue. On the other side, a breakout in the other direction may indicate a reversal.

2. End-Trend Formation

  • Triangles that arise near the end of a trend are frequently identified as potential reversal patterns. In this context, it can be viewed as an indication that the present trend is losing momentum and that a reversal or large correction is possible.
  • As the triangle forms, it represents a battle between bulls and bears, with neither side able to gain dominance. The decreasing price range suggests a drop in volatility, implying that the market has reached a period of indecision.
  • A breakout from the triangle(Wave B or X) in the opposite direction of the current trend may indicate a reversal. Traders seek confirmation in the form of higher trade volume and additional technical indicators to validate a possible trend change.


Wave 4 in Motive Waves and Wave B or X in Corrective Phases

Triangles are frequently observed as Wave 4 in motive waves and as Wave B or X during corrective phases. Identifying these patterns is crucial for predicting probable trend reversals or continuations.

1. Wave 4 in Motive Waves

  • Wave 4 represents a correction to the main trend. Triangles usually appear as part of the Wave 4 correction.
  • The triangle formation in Wave 4 indicates a period of consolidation and indecisiveness during the correction, suggesting a potential continuation pattern. Traders believe this could lead to the market resuming its primary trend.

2. Wave B or X in Corrective Phases

  • Triangles, often found in Wave B or X, signify a complex correction where market participants are indecisive, suggesting a period of consolidation and range-bound trading within the corrective structure.
  • Identifying triangles in Wave B or X is crucial for understanding the corrective phase termination. After completing the triangle, traders look for Wave C, the final leg of the correction, which typically moves opposite to the primary trend.


Triangle corrections in Elliott Wave analysis provide a deeper understanding of market dynamics through their ABCDE patterns. Mastering these patterns helps traders and analysts navigate financial market complexities, uncover market sentiment, and make informed decisions in the ever-evolving trading world. These triangles, whether converging or expanding, serve as guideposts for traders.


Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

What is Elliott Wave corrective triangles?

Elliott Wave corrective triangles are chart patterns that indicate temporary market trends pauses. These triangles consist of five waves, labeled A, B, C, D, and E, and are characterized by converging or expanding trendlines. Recognizing these patterns is crucial for traders as they often precede potential trend reversals or continuations, providing valuable insights into market sentiment.

What is the triangle rule in Elliott Wave?

The Triangle Rule in Elliott Wave Theory states that in a contracting triangle, each wave must be smaller than the previous one, creating a converging pattern. In an expanding triangle, the waves progressively get larger, resulting in diverging trendlines. This rule helps analysts identify and classify triangle formations within Elliott Wave patterns, which often precede significant price movements.

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