What is a Flat Correction? #Rules, Guideline and Patterns

flat correction

Let’s go on a journey to find out the mysteries of a fundamental corrective pattern: the flat correction. We are ready for an exciting journey as we explore the principles, norms, and identifying patterns that define the flat correction. First, imagine a three-wave structure, beautifully designated A, B, and C—the flat correction. Join us as we demystify this seemingly simple yet vital market phenomenon! Let’s dive in!


What is a flat correction in Elliott Wave?

In the world of Elliott Wave, a flat correction is a three-part movement in which both Waves A and B showcase their corrective actions with three waves each. It frequently performs clearly for small zig-zag corrections. Wave C, the sole motive pattern in this important financial performance, steals the show as well. So, keep a watch on those three-wave sequences to figure out the flat corrective pattern!

Key Takeaways

  • A three-wave structure labeled A, B, and C
  • Each leg of A and B reveals three internal waves
  • Both A and B waves are corrective in nature
  • A and B often manifest as smaller zig-zag corrections
  • Wave C is the sole motive pattern

What are the different types of flat corrections?

Flat corrections come in quite a few types, each with its own market movement. The first pattern is the Regular Flat, which is distinguished by a simple A-B-C pattern that maintains a balanced structure. Then comes the Expanded Flat, in which Wave B exceeds Wave A’s beginning point, resulting in an elongated corrective. Finally, we have the Running Flat, which occurs when Wave C continues beyond the end of Wave A, adding an element of unpredictability to the market choreography. So, whether it’s a regular rhythm or a long performance, these flat correction types offer flair to the waves’ amazing movements.

Flat Corrections

Regular Flat

Expanded Flat

Running Flat

1. Regular Flat

A Regular Flat in Elliott Wave is a market phenomenon consisting of three waves, A, B, and C. Waves A and B perform a three-wave routine, while Wave C has five waves. Wave B must finish between 78.6% and 90% of Wave A, but should end below 100%.

flat correction
Regular Flat

Rules for Regular Flat patterns

Rule 1 # Wave B must retrace 78 to 90 percent of wave A.

Rule 2 # Wace C must terminate below wave A.

2. Expanded Flat

The Expanded Flat has the same number of sub-waves as a Regular Flat, with 3 waves in A and B and 5 waves in C. In Expanded Flat correction, wave B ends between the inverse of 161 percent of wave A.

flat correction
Expanded Flat

Rules for Expanded Flat patterns

Rule 1 # Wave B must break the starting point of wave A.

Rule 2 # Wave C must terminate below wave A.

3. Running Flat

The Running Flat is the same as the Expanded Flat of the structure, with waves A and B having three waves and Wave C having five waves. In the Running Flat pattern, wave C must end within the end point of wave A.


flat correction
Regular Flat

Rules for Running Flat patterns

Rule 1 # Wave B must break the starting point of wave A.

Rule 2 # Wave B cannot cross the inverse of 161% of wave A.

Rule 3 # Wave C must conclude within wave A.


What is the difference between a Running Flat and an Expanded Flat?

Running Flat pattern

Expanded Flat pattern

Wave C doesn’t reach the end point of Wave A. Wave C surpasses the end point of Wave A.
Wave C doesn’t complete the full race. Wave C follows the larger trend and extends even further.

What is the difference between zigzag and flat correction?

Wave Characteristics

Zigzag Correction: Wave A and Wave C are motive waves, exhibiting strong directional moves.

Flat Correction: Wave A and Wave B are corrective, consisting of three sub-waves each.


Zigzag Correction: Wave B, a corrective pattern, often forms a three-wave pattern, providing temporary relief against the larger trend.

Flat Correction: Wave C is a motive wave, exhibiting a more directional and impulsive movement compared to Waves A and B’s corrective nature.


Zigzag Correction: Zigzag corrections consist of three waves, labeled A, B, and C, and follow a straightforward, sharp pattern, resulting in quick and decisive corrections.

Flat Correction: Flat corrections consist of three waves: A, B, and C, displaying a sideways, complex pattern indicating a temporary interruption in the prevailing trend.


Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

Are Flat Corrections generally part of wave 2?

Flat corrections are usually associated with Wave 2 in the Elliott Wave Theory. Wave 2 in the grand composition of market movements frequently has flat corrections, which are characterized by three waves (A, B, and C) demonstrating a temporary interruption in the current trend. This particular pattern gives traders significant information about probable market retracements and establishes the stage for the subsequent waves in the Elliott Wave sequence.

What is the relationship between wave A and wave C in Flat Correction?

In Elliott Wave Theory, Wave A and Wave C form a three-wave pattern in a flat correction. Wave A represents the initial movement, typically three sub-waves. Wave C, the final move, is the decisive motive wave, consisting of five sub-waves. Together, they complete the correction, defining the ultimate resolution.

Can wave 4 be a Flat?

Yes, Wave 4 in Elliott Wave Theory can be a flat correction, as it is part of the larger Elliott Wave sequence and often exhibits corrective patterns. The flat correction typically consists of three waves: A, B, and C. Waves A and B are corrective, while Wave C is a motive wave. This flat correction serves as a temporary interruption before the market continues with the larger Elliott Wave pattern.



Finally, comprehending the complexities of Flat Corrections in Elliott Wave Theory reveals a useful tool for navigating market patterns. Understanding the rules, principles, and specific patterns of Flat Corrections enables traders to forecast and profit from probable market swings. So, ride the waves wisely, prepared to negotiate the ever-changing currents of financial markets.

Chart Source: tradingview.com


This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not offer financial advice. Trading and investing involve risk, and past performance is not a guarantee of future outcomes. Before making investment decisions, readers should conduct their own research and consider their individual circumstances. The author and platform are not responsible for any financial losses or damages resulting from the use of this information. Get personalized advice from a trained financial counselor.

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