How to Identify Elliott Wave 1? #Characteristics, Rules and Pattern

identify elliott wave 1 pattern

Before taking any market action, any investor or trader must ask themselves a basic question: Have I identified Wave 1? If the answer is yes, the path to planning investments or trades becomes much clearer. Understanding the patterns and characteristics of Wave 1 is so crucial. This article will go into the discussion of Wave 1 in the Elliott Wave, analyzing its characteristics, rules, and patterns. Stay tuned for the crucial ideas that will simplify your approach to investing and trading.

In Short


Characteristics of wave 1

Identifying a motive phase is crucial for any trader or investor. How do you identify Wave 1? Investigate to learn the fundamentals of detecting Wave 1 and improve your ability to make clever market entries.

  • The initial wave of a bull market commences at a significant low.
  • Wave 1 begins at the end point of the previous correction.(Bull market)
  • After correction, if you can count 1-2-3-4-5, you’ve completed a tiny wave 1 in a new cycle.
  • Markets often build a base after steep declines, often experiencing repeated lows. Occasionally, moves resemble a wedge or diagonal triangle.
  • Wave 1 can often be seen as an impulse.
  • Wave 1 is almost never a clean formation.
  • The market often exhibits divergence before the start of Wave 1.


How to identify wave 1?

The identification of Wave 1 in Elliott Wave theory requires careful observation and analysis, focusing on key aspects.

Rule 1. Strong Impulse Movement

Wave 1 typically shows strong, impulsive price movement towards emerging trends, so be prepared for significant price shifts.

identify elliott wave 1 pattern
Impulse Movement

Rule 2. Leading Diagonal Patterns

Wave 1 frequently exhibits leading diagonal patterns, characterized by distinct series of highs and lows in an uptrend or lower highs and lows in a downtrend.

identify elliott wave 1 pattern
Leading Diagonal

Rule 3. Volume Confirmation

During Wave 1, trading volumes typically increase, indicating the strength of the emerging trend’s development.

identify elliott wave 1 pattern
Volume Confirmation


Rule 4. Clear Price Structure

Wave 1 should exhibit a distinct and identifiable price structure, marking a new onset in the overall market trend.

Traders can improve Wave 1 identification and early market trend insights by combining elements, practicing, and observing price charts patterns, enhancing their proficiency.


Patterns of Wave 1

Wave 1 in Elliott Wave theory is a series of common patterns that traders often observe.

Pattern 1. Impulse Waves

Wave 1 typically exhibits a robust impulse movement in the direction of the emerging trend, which can consist of five smaller waves.

Pattern 2. Leading Diagonal

Often, wave 1 is characterized by a leading diagonal pattern consisting of overlapping waves that form a distinctive diagonal shape.

Clear Trend Reversal

Wave 1 marks the beginning of a new trend, showcasing a clear reversal from the previous market direction.

Higher Highs and Higher Lows (Uptrend)

Wave 1 in an uptrend exhibits higher highs and higher lows, indicating a bullish sentiment.

Lower Highs and Lower Lows (Downtrend)

Wave 1 in a downtrend exhibits lower highs and lower lows, indicating a bearish sentiment.


Keep stop-loss with wave 1

The strategy used to place a stop-loss order to just keep the starting point of the five-wave move is based on the Elliott Wave principle that wave 2 should not go below the beginning of wave 1. Wave 2 is a corrective wave that follows the first impulse/diagonal wave (wave 1).

1. Identifying the Impulse Wave (Wave 1)

The five-wave move refers to the initial impulse/diagonal wave, which can either be an upward or downward movement in an asset‘s price.

2. Wave 2 as a Corrective Wave

The market typically experiences a corrective wave, labeled as wave 2, after completing the five-wave impulse, which represents a temporary counter-trend movement.

3. Protective Measure with Stop-Loss

Placing a stop-loss order to keep the five-wave move’s starting point is a risk management approach. It is intended to safeguard traders from potential losses.

4. Elliott Wave Principle’s Rule

The Elliott Wave Principle states that wave 2 should not retrace more than 100% of wave 1, and traders set a stop-loss just at the starting point of wave 1 if the market invalidates the expected wave pattern.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, learning to identify Elliott Wave 1 is a vital skill for traders and investors. Understanding the characteristics, rules, and patterns associated with Wave 1 can provide a more comprehensive view of market dynamics. This information enables individuals to manage the intricacies of financial markets, make informed investment decisions, and plan their transactions strategically. As we uncover the complexities of Wave 1, we discover a powerful tool that improves our capacity to understand and react to market movements effectively.

Chart Source:


In Elliott Wave theory, one wave reflects a major directional movement in the price of an item. It is made up of a series of smaller price changes that all point in the same direction and represent the broader trend. The theory behind the idea is that market movements follow a repeated pattern of five waves in the direction of the main trend (impulse waves) and three periods in the opposite direction (corrective waves). Identifying and comprehending these waves is crucial for traders and investors to make informed decisions and efficiently manage market patterns.



This article is provided for informational purposes only and does not offer financial advice. Trading and investing involve risk, and past performance is not a guarantee of future outcomes. Before making investment decisions, readers should conduct their own research and consider their individual circumstances. The author and platform are not responsible for any financial losses or damages resulting from the use of this information. Get personalized advice from a trained financial counselor.

Spread the love

Never Miss Any Secret to

Financial Freedom

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *